Dr. Sugata Mitra and the Hole In the Wall Experiment


I may be one of the last people on the planet to hear about this experiment, but just in case I’m not, read on.

Dr. Sugata Mitra conducted an experiment in 1999 in which he placed a computer connected to the Internet in a slum wall in New Delhi.

He allowed children to use this computer in an unsupervised way. Lo and behold, they quickly taught themselves to surf the web and to use applications–on a Windows machine, no less. 🙂

Here is the project’s website (thank you, Deepak Shenoy). Here is a PBS video, photo gallery, and interview of Dr. Mitra.

Fascinating stuff. Thanks to Peter Gregory for bringing it to my attention.

By | 2016-10-24T14:24:05+00:00 October 18th, 2006|Categories: Cool Stuff|15 Comments

About the Author:

Guy Kawasaki is the chief evangelist of Canva, an online graphic design tool. Formerly, he was an advisor to the Motorola business unit of Google and chief evangelist of Apple. He is also the author of The Art of Social Media, The Art of the Start, APE: Author, Publisher, Entrepreneur, Enchantment, and nine other books. Kawasaki has a BA from Stanford University and an MBA from UCLA as well as an honorary doctorate from Babson College.


  1. Jay October 18, 2006 at 9:27 pm - Reply

    Thats a great post!!! Nice and unique experiment there. Also btw, I enjoyed your comments about India trip and for each photos. (I am Indian). And yes, that photo is indeed a police station.

  2. Storynory: Free Audio Stories for Kids October 18, 2006 at 9:38 pm - Reply

    Kids Intuit Computers

    I think all of us oldies know that our kids leave us standing when it comes to technology. You might be interested to here about this experiment quite a while back in a slum of New Delhi. A computer was left built into a wall. Kids were allowed to co…

  3. Gautam October 18, 2006 at 10:06 pm - Reply

    Yes, NIIT’s experiment proved that literacy and computer literacy need not have a direct correlation.
    As more and more video and audio become available, connecting will not be only for the people who can read and type.
    By the way, have you heard of this, Guy?

  4. Brettski October 19, 2006 at 1:39 am - Reply

    I wonder what the default homepage was for this computer and how this might have affected the user’s ability to learn?
    Was it a traditional web portal? The google homepage? A static site welcoming them to the hole-in-the-wall experiment?
    My guess is that their intial online experience, maybe even for a few months, would be characterised by what this default page was.

  5. Deepak Shenoy October 19, 2006 at 6:21 am - Reply

    Great stuff! Btw, the web site for the experiment is:

  6. Dana October 19, 2006 at 8:12 am - Reply

    Just think how fast the kids could have picked it up had they used . . . . oh I don’t know . . . maybe a Mac?

  7. Walter Callerio October 19, 2006 at 8:48 am - Reply

    I started a software company 2 years ago and I live by rules for the revolutionary. You are an incredible person, humble and honest. I wish i could run into more people like you in the business world. Thank you guy…

  8. Jens E October 19, 2006 at 10:00 am - Reply

    As always, a great post. Makes you wonder how the experiment would have been different if it had been in inner-city America instead. No way that cpu would last two years. 🙂 I also found the info regarding his experiements in the Kashmir region fascinating.

  9. Lee C. October 19, 2006 at 12:13 pm - Reply

    Not surprising. Personal experience validates the hole-in-the-wall experiment. Kids are naturally curious and innate learners. It also gives them a tool to explore a larger world, whether they realize thats what they’re doing or not. Our 4 year old picked up basic web surfing immediately. A few months later he wandered into the kitchen and asked Mom if he could borrow her credit card to use on the computer – yikes! And yes, we keep his computer in the family room. (BTW – good eats you brought to the picnic Sunday!)

  10. Helen October 19, 2006 at 6:17 pm - Reply

    Great!Very useful for me.

  11. R. Mullen October 19, 2006 at 6:54 pm - Reply

    Thanks for all the great publications!
    This experiment made sense in India, where there is prestige in software development. I would be surprised if there were a single village that has not been touched by the millions of people who have become software engineers either through increased access to education or the ability to travel abroad and bring information back home.
    Even though the kids may not have owned a computer, I suspect they had been exposed to the _concept_ of these machines.
    If this experiment were run in a typical US inner-city, I suspect the response would have been trying to figure out a way to get the computer home. My suspicion is not because I think kids are natural thieves, but because they understand the problem of scarcity better than the concept of community ownership.
    In other words, they would _know_ that the machines had, or could be converted into something of, personal value. It’s the difference between appreciating a thing for what it is (newness) and appreciating a thing for what it can do for you (monetization).
    I also wonder [kids being kids] if one group of kids monopolized the new toy or whether it was truly open for all to use after the initial contact.

  12. Deepak Shenoy October 19, 2006 at 11:38 pm - Reply

    Mullen, I would think you’d be surprised that here “might” somehow gives way; some of the bigger and older kids will have slower intuitive learning ability than some of the smaller kids and you’ll probably see that they let the smaller (or younger) kids teach them the ropes.

  13. Kempton October 20, 2006 at 6:29 am - Reply


    Thanks for sharing this inspiring and wonderful story. It is wonderful to see the kids’ natural curiosity helped them learn so quickly and they are learning by having fun. No one forced them to come everyday to learn by playing. (smile)

    Not that I am pin-pointing that one smart looking kid, but I bet there are many more smart kids that play with the hole-in-the-wall. When I watched the clip, I keep thinking there may be one or two “Srinivasa Ramanujan” type mixing in the large group of kids, that are really really smart in computers or mathematics or something.

    If there are truly kids with “Ramanujan“-type-potentials in the group, and they contacted us (in the west) and showed us what they know or can do. Then I believe it will be our honour and pleasure to be the “G. H. Hardy“s of our time to help these Indian (or Chinese kids or Pakistan kids, etc.) to utilize the hidden full potential within them. It will be a lot of fun if I can see one or two of Ramanujan caliber being discovered in my life time. And I can’t image what they can do to advance the stage of the world’s knowledge.

    Thinking about this out loud, I do hope their knowledge are not shielded behind a wall of patents. If that happens, it will be truly be my “Oh, Shiitake” moment and I will question my sanity in suggesting this line of thinking in the first place.

    These are of course my usual 2 cents (and dreams & wishes in this case). You know, I do, from time to time, bull shiitake way more than I should.

    P.S. Shameless plug: My most beloved Canadian CBC business TV show (Wed 8PM) is finally on air and half way through. It is a fun show and very educational for entrepreneurs too, IMHO.

  14. chmike October 21, 2006 at 12:16 am - Reply

    Is Hole in the Wall the indian way to say Windows ?
    In french Mac is the way to say pimp ! 😀
    Ok, I leave. ->[]

  15. Kuhn October 23, 2006 at 3:31 am - Reply

    Great stuff! Especially if you link this experiment with Negroponte’s $100-Laptop project, which is based on Alan Kay’s vision that each child should own its own laptop. More see laptop.org

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